Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza Fact Sheet


Where do I report sick/dead birds in Washington?


Rooster with four hens. Image by klimkin from Pixabay.

Washington State Department of Agriculture
Sick Bird Hotline



Canada goose standing on edge of body of water. Image by didier aires from Pixabay.

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Online Reporting Tool


1. Avian Influenza

If you are concerned about Avian Influenza infection in your poultry, contact the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) prior to submitting to WADDL.

WSDA contact information can be found at https://agr.wa.gov/birdflu

To Report sick, injured, or dead wild birds to Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) click here

2. Avian Influenza Testing?

Initial testing is performed using PCR (direct detection of genetic material) at WADDL. Please contact the WSDA for sampling recommendations.

During the current event, all testing for Avian Influenza in backyard flocks and wild birds is being done at our WADDL lab in Pullman, WA.

You can reach the WADDL Main Office at: 509-335-9696.

3. What is Avian Influenza

Avian influenza is caused by influenza Type A virus (influenza A).  Avian influenza viruses are classified as either “low pathogenic” or “highly pathogenic” based on their genetic features and the severity of the disease they cause in poultry. Most viruses are of low pathogenicity, meaning that they cause no signs or only minor clinical signs of infection in poultry. Wild birds can be infected with HPAI and show no signs of illness. They can carry the disease to new areas when migrating, potentially exposing domestic poultry to the virus. 

4. What are the symptoms of Avian Influenza?

LPAI viruses cause mild respiratory signs such as sneezing, coughing, ocular and nasal discharge and occasionally swollen infraorbital sinuses in poultry. In layers and breeders there is commonly decreased egg production and fertility.

HPAI viruses can cause severe, systemic disease with high mortality in chickens, turkeys, and other poultry; mortality can be as high as 100% in a few days.  

5. How Can I Prevent Infection?

The best way to prevent infection is by practicing good biosecurity. Avoiding cross contamination between poultry farms and keeping poultry separate from wild waterfowl. Wear clean clothes and disinfect boots and shoes before and after being around poultry. Thoroughly wash hands and clothes after contact with birds and avoid visiting other farms.

For more information on biosecurity for poultry, go to the USDA website, Biosecurity for Birds: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/birdbiosecurity/

6. Live confirmed detections maps USA:

Domestic Birds:


Wild Birds:



7. More Information from the USDA